There is no such thing as routine liver cancer. Every patient’s liver cancer is different, with different, individually unique genes and molecules driving each person’s specific cancer.

At the OSUCCC – James, our liver cancer specialists are world-renowned cancer experts who focus solely on liver cancer and who reach across medical disciplines (oncologists, surgeons, radiologists, gastroenterologists, hepatologists, pharmacists and more) to design the very best treatment plan and therapies to target each patient’s specific cancer.

And by offering access to the country’s most advanced clinical trials right here at the OSUCCC – James, patients know that additional options, when needed, are often available for their treatment and care.

Facts About Liver Cancer

The liver is the largest internal organ in the body. It is located on the right side of the abdomen under the lung and is divided into lobes and segments. The liver performs many vital functions such as storing nutrients and filtering and breaking down toxins in the blood.  

Liver Anatomy


More than 33,000 cases of liver cancer are diagnosed in the United States each year. It affects more men than women. The vast majority of liver cancer occurs in people older than 45. Worldwide, this disease is one of the leading causes of cancer deaths.

Types of Liver Cancer

The two types of primary liver cancer in adults are:

  • Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Almost 80 percent of all liver cancers are of this type. This cancer can start as a small tumor and grow larger over time, or it can begin as many small tumors distributed throughout the liver. Hepatocellular carcinoma is seen more often in the United States and in people with chronic liver damage.
  • Cholangiocarcinoma (also known as intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma or bile duct cancer): This form of cancer begins in the tubes that carry bile to the gallbladder.

(Source: National Cancer Institute)

Liver Cancer Symptoms

Symptoms of liver cancer may not appear until this disease has already progressed. If you have any of the symptoms below, ask your doctor about specific tests to detect liver cancer. The earlier you and your doctor can detect and diagnose liver cancer, the higher the chance for successful treatment.

Symptoms of liver cancer may include:

  • A hard lump on the right side just below the rib cage
  • Discomfort in the upper abdomen on the right side
  • A swollen abdomen
  • Pain near the right shoulder blade or in the back
  • Jaundice (yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes)
  • Easy bruising or bleeding
  • Unusual tiredness
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Loss of appetite
  • Weight loss for no known reason

Having symptoms does not necessarily mean you have liver cancer. But if you have symptoms, you should tell your doctor, especially if symptoms have continued for longer than a few weeks.

(Source: National Cancer Institute)


If you have received a liver cancer diagnosis, or if you want a second opinion or just want to speak to a liver cancer specialist, we are here to help you. Call 800-293-5066 or 614-293-5066 to make an appointment.

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The James Cancer Hospital and Solove Research Institute

460 W. 10th Ave.

Columbus, Ohio 43210

800-293-5066

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