What is Hodgkin’s Lymphoma?
Hodgkin’s lymphoma occurs when an abnormal, malignant cell—the Reed-Sternberg cell—spreads throughout the body, moving from one part of the lymph system to another and then into the organs, including the lungs, liver, bone and bone marrow. The cause of Hodgkin’s lymphoma is not certain, but most studies suggest an environmental/occupational link.
Facts about Hodgkin’s Lymphoma
- Hodgkin’s lymphoma makes up 11.5% of all lymphomas in the United States.
- The incidence rates of Hodgkin’s lymphoma are higher in adolescents and young adults.
- Five-year survival rates for patients with Hodgkin lymphoma has doubled from 40 percent in whites in 1960 to more than 85 percent at present.
- About 7,000 Americans are diagnosed with Hodgkin’s lymphoma each year (compared with 56,390 cases of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma).
- Symptoms of Hodgkin’s lymphoma include painless swelling of lymph nodes in the neck, armpit or groin, persistent fatigue, recurrent high fever, sweating at night, troublesome itching and weight loss.
- Radiation, chemotherapy or both have proven to result in cures for most patients with Hodgkin’s lymphoma.