There is no such thing as routine soft tissue sarcoma. Every patient’s cancer is different, with different, individually unique genes and molecules driving that specific cancer.

At the OSUCCC – James, our soft tissue sarcoma sub-specialists are world-renowned cancer experts who focus mainly on soft tissue sarcoma and who reach across medical disciplines (oncologists, surgeons, radiologists, pharmacists and more) to design the very best treatment plan and therapies to target each patient’s specific cancer.

Not only is the OSUCCC – James also among the top five sarcoma programs in the country, it is also the only central Ohio provider for patients with recurrent sarcoma. The James is the main referral center for regional and national clinical trials in Soft Tissue Sarcoma.

And by offering access to some of the country’s most advanced clinical trials right here at the OSUCCC – James, patients know that additional options, when needed, are often available for their treatment and care.

Facts About Soft Tissue Sarcoma

Soft tissue sarcoma can initially form in muscle, fat, blood vessels, and nerves, and only very rarely in lymph vessels. They can spread via lymph vessels, which are the thin tubes that connect lymph nodes, on rare occasion and land in lymph nodes. In adults, most soft tissue sarcomas form in the arms, legs, head, neck, trunk, abdomen and pelvis.

More than 12,000 new cases of soft tissue sarcomas are diagnosed in the United States each year.

Types of Soft Tissue Sarcoma

Soft tissue sarcomas are classified according to the types of cells in which they begin. They include:

  • Adipocytic (fat containing) tumors
  • Fibroblastic/myofibroblastic tumors
  • So-called fibrohistiocytic tumors
  • Smooth muscle tumors
  • Skeletal muscle tumors
  • Vascular tumors
  • Tumors of peripheral nerves
  • Chondro-osseous tumors
  • Tumors of uncertain differentiation

Each of these types has at least one subtype that further clarifies the cells involved in the sarcoma.

(Source: National Cancer Institute)

Soft Tissue Sarcoma

Soft Tissue Sarcoma Symptoms

A sarcoma may appear as a painless enlarging lump under the skin, often on an arm or a leg. Sarcomas that begin in the abdomen or pelvis may not cause signs or symptoms until they grow to a noticeable size. As the sarcoma grows and presses on nearby organs, nerves, muscles or blood vessels, signs and symptoms may include:

  • Pain
  • Swelling
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Growth of a mass

(Source: National Cancer Institute)

Having these symptoms does not necessarily mean you have soft tissue sarcoma. But if you have symptoms, you should tell your doctor, especially if symptoms have continued for longer than a few weeks.

If you’ve been diagnosed with soft tissue sarcoma, would like a second opinion or would like to speak with a sarcoma specialist, please call The James Line at 800-293-5066 or 614-293-5066 to make an appointment.

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Patient Story

Patient Stories Bill Mason

Bill Mason

Bill Mason thought the lump in his back thigh was just a strained muscle. Finding out instead that it was a rare, soft tissue sarcoma, he found the specialty and expertise he needed to heal at the OSUCCC...

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