At the OSUCCC – James, cancer research experts focus on studying thyroid cancer prevention, diagnosis, treatment and cure. Because thyroid cancer is one of the top ten cancers diagnosed in the country, the OSUCCC – James consistently paves the way in learning more about what causes thyroid cancer — leading to even more highly targeted prevention, care and treatment.

Screening for Thyroid Cancer

Cancer screening exams can help find cancer at its earliest stage, when the chances for successful treatment are greatest. These tests are usually done when you are healthy and have no specific symptoms.

If thyroid cancer is found at an early stage, the chances for successful treatment and recovery are high.

Currently, for people at low risk for the disease, there are no recommended screening tests. Researchers at the OSUCCC – James are developing tests to detect and diagnose thyroid cancer at the earliest possible stage

If you or anyone in your family have, or have previously been diagnosed with, familial medullary thyroid cancer, you should ask your doctor about getting a blood test to test for the gene that causes this cancer.

Thyroid Cancer Risk Factors

A risk factor is anything that increases your chances of developing thyroid cancer. The following factors may play a role in the development of thyroid cancer:

  • Being between 25 and 65 years old
  • Being female
  • Being exposed to radiation to the head and neck as a child or being exposed to radiation from an atomic bomb. The cancer may occur as soon as 5 years after exposure.
  • Having a history of goiter (enlarged thyroid)
  • Having a family history of thyroid disease or thyroid cancer
  • Having certain genetic conditions such as familial medullary thyroid cancer (FMTC), multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2A syndrome, and multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2B syndrome
  • Being Asian

(Source: National Cancer Institute)

Not everyone with risk factors will get thyroid cancer. But having certain risk factors appears to increase your risk of developing the disease. If you are at high risk for thyroid cancer, talk to your doctor about tests to find out if you have early signs of the disease.


If you have received a thyroid cancer diagnosis, or if you want a second opinion or just want to speak to a thyroid cancer specialist, we are here to help you. Call 800-293-5066 or 614-293-5066 to make an appointment.

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