Clinical TrialsThe James Cancer Center Columbus, OH
open for enrollment
Nonrandomized, Open-Label Phase IIb Efficacy Trial of Cancer Macrobeads Compared With Best Supportive Care in Patients With Treatment-Resistant Colorectal Cancer
A Phase IIb, Nonrandomized, Open-Label Trial with Mouse Renal Adenocarcinoma (RENCA) Cell-Containing Agarose-Agarose Macrobeads Compared with Best Supportive Care in Patients with Treatment-Resistant, Metastatic Colorectal Carcinoma
This is a clinical research study of an investigational (FDA IND-BB 10091) treatment for patients with advanced colorectal cancer that no longer responds to standard therapies. The treatment is being evaluated for its effect on tumor growth. It consists of the placement (implantation) of small beads that contain mouse renal adenocarcinoma cells (RENCA macrobeads). The cells in the macrobeads produce substances that have been shown to slow or stop the growth of tumors in experimental animals and veterinary patients. It has been tested in 31 human subjects with different types of cancers in a Phase I safety trial. Phase II studies in patients with colorectal, pancreatic or prostate cancers are in progress
This is a Phase IIb, multicenter, nonrandomized, open-label study with RENCA macrobeads in patients with treatment-resistant, metastatic colorectal carcinoma to determine the effect of RENCA macrobead implantation on overall survival compared with best supportive care. Two treatment groups will be enrolled in this study, as follows: - Group A (n=40) - patients who will undergo up to 4 implantations of RENCA macrobeads, at an amount of 8 RENCA macrobeads /kg body weight - Group B (n=80) - patients who will receive or are receiving best supportive care, defined as management of symptoms aimed at maintaining or improving quality of life, but not including approved therapies targeting the patient's malignancy
Are you eligible?
Inclusion Criteria: Patients in both treatment groups must meet all of the following criteria to be considered eligible to participate in the study: - Adult men or women, aged 18 years or older, with histologically-confirmed, metastatic adenocarcinoma of the colon or rectum that is resistant to available treatment options - Radiographically documented evidence of disease progression. - Life expectancy of at least 6 weeks, in the investigator's opinion, at the time disease progression is documented. - Considered surgical candidates on the basis of co-morbidity risks, number and sites of metastases, and ability to withstand general anesthesia. - Able to provide written informed consent. Patients in Group A must also meet all of the following additional criteria: - ECOG performance status score of 0, 1, or 2. - Adequate hematologic function, defined as follows: 1. absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥1500 /mL 2. hemoglobin ≥9 g/dL 3. platelets ≥75,000 /mL - Adequate hepatic function, defined as follows: 1. bilirubin ≤1.5 times the upper limit of normal (x ULN) 2. aspartate transaminase (AST) ≤3 x ULN, or ≤5 x ULN if liver metastases are present 3. alanine transaminase (ALT) ≤3, x ULN, or ≤5 x ULN if liver metastases are present - Adequate renal function, defined as creatinine ≤2.0 mg/dL. - Adequate coagulation function, defined as follows: 1. International Normalized Ratio (INR) ≤1.5 or between 2 and 3 if the patient is receiving anticoagulation 2. partial thromboplastin time (PTT) ≤5 seconds above the ULN Note: Patients receiving full-dose anticoagulation therapy must be receiving a stable dose of oral anticoagulant therapy or low-molecular-weight heparin. - Clinically significant toxic effects of chemotherapy (excluding alopecia), radiotherapy, hormonal therapy, or prior surgery must have resolved to Grade 1 or better, with the exception of peripheral neuropathy, which must have resolved to Grade 2 or better. - Agrees to contraceptive use while on study if sexually active Exclusion Criteria: Patients in either treatment group who meet any of the following criteria will be excluded from participating in the study: - Hepatic blood flow abnormalities, i.e., portal vein hypertension and thrombosis, and/or a large volume of ascites. - Concurrent cancer of any other type, except skin cancers other than melanoma. - A positive test result for HIV or any hepatitis other than A at screening. - Considered by the investigator to be unsuitable for participation in the study Patients in Group A who meet any of the following criteria will be excluded from participating in the study: - Received FDA-approved chemotherapy within 3 weeks of Day 0, or bevacizumab (or similar drugs) within 4 weeks of Day 0, or radiation therapy at any site within 4 weeks of Day 0 - Investigational anticancer therapy within 4 weeks of Day 0 - Positive reaction to the skin test for allergy to mouse antigen - History of hypersensitivity reaction that, in the opinion of the investigator, poses an increased risk of an allergic reaction to the RENCA macrobeads, particularly any known allergy to murine antigens or body tissues. - Ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, serious cardiac arrhythmias (with the exception of well controlled atrial fibrillation), active bleeding, or psychiatric illness, or social situations that could interfere with the patient's ability to participate in the study.