Clinical Trials

The James Cancer Center Columbus, OH

open for enrollment

Selinexor and Chemotherapy in Treating Patients with Relapsed or Refractory Acute Myeloid Leukemia

Protocol: OSU-14089

Full Title

Phase 1 study of Selinexor in combination with Mitoxantrone, Etoposide and Cytarabine in Primary Refractory and Relapsed Acute Myeloid Leukemia


This phase I trial studies the side effects and best dose of selinexor when given together with etoposide with or without mitoxantrone hydrochloride and cytarabine in treating patients with acute myeloid leukemia that has returned (relapsed) or has not responded to treatment (refractory). Selinexor may help stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking an enzyme needed for cancer cell growth. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as etoposide, mitoxantrone hydrochloride, and cytarabine, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving chemotherapy together with selinexor may work better in treating relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia.

Study Objective


I. To evaluate the safety and tolerability of selinexor in combination with mitoxantrone hydrochloride, etoposide, cytarabine (MEC) or oral etoposide (respective cohorts are independent of each other) in patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML).

II. To define the specific toxicities, maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and the dose limiting toxicities (DLT) of these combinations.

III. To determine the recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D) of these combinations.


I. To determine the rate and duration of complete remission (CR) ± hematologic recovery of selinexor plus MEC therapy in AML.

II. To determine the overall response rate (ORR).

III. To define the rate of complete remission (CR + CR with incomplete blood count recovery [CRi]) rate by the end of induction therapy.

IV. Determine the disease-free survival for patients who reached CR/CRi within 1 year.


I. To conduct pharmacodynamic studies by measuring the effect of these chemotherapy combinations on the inhibition of exportin 1 (XPO1).

II. To conduct pharmacokinetic sampling of selinexor and etoposide at limited time points to assess drug metabolism, peak plasma levels and area under curve (AUC).

OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of selinexor. Patients are assigned to 1 of 2 cohorts.

COHORT A (PATIENTS FIT FOR INTENSIVE THERAPY, AGE < 65): Patients receive mitoxantrone hydrochloride intravenously (IV), etoposide IV, and cytarabine IV once daily (QD) on days 1-6 and selinexor orally (PO) on days 1, 3, 8, 10, 15, and 17. Treatment continues for 1 course (28 days). Further treatment is based on disease response. Patients achieving CR/CRi are evaluated for stem cell transplant; patients who do not proceed to transplant may receive selinexor as monotherapy in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

COHORT B (PATIENTS UNFIT FOR INTENSIVE THERAPY, AGE > 60): Patients receive etoposide PO QD on days 1-5 and selinexor PO on days 1, 3, 8, 10, 15, and 17. Treatment may repeat every 28 days for 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients not achieving response after 4 courses discontinue treatment; patients achieving response may receive up to 4 courses of maintenance therapy every 8 weeks. Patients may then continue selinexor as monotherapy at the discretion of the principal investigator.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up for at least 30 days.

Are you eligible?

Inclusion Criteria:

Patients with relapsed or refractory AML; cohort A patients must be < 65 years of age; cohort B patients must be > 60 years of age, unfit for intensive therapy (physician opinion), and have failed at least one salvage regimen for relapsed/refractory AML; the maximum number of prior lines of induction for both cohorts is 3

Patients with secondary AML or therapy related disease (t-AML) are eligible

If the patient has co-morbid medical illness, life expectancy attributed to this must be greater than 6 months

Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status =< 2

Total bilirubin < 2.0 mg/dL

Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) < 2.5 X institutional upper limit of normal

Creatinine (Cr) clearance > 50 mL/min by Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) calculation

New York Heart Association (NYHA) congestive heart failure (CHF) class II or better

Cardiac ejection fraction >= 50%

Female patients of child-bearing potential must agree to use dual methods of contraception and have a negative serum pregnancy test at screening, and male patients must use an effective barrier method of contraception if sexually active with a female of child-bearing potential; acceptable methods of contraception are condoms with contraceptive foam, oral, implantable or injectable contraceptives, contraceptive patch, intrauterine device, diaphragm with spermicidal gel, or a sexual partner who is surgically sterilized or post-menopausal; for both male and female patients, effective methods of contraception must be used throughout the study and for three months following the last dose

Ability to understand and willingness to sign the written informed consent document

Exclusion Criteria:

Patients who have had chemotherapy or radiotherapy within 2 weeks (6 weeks for nitrosoureas or mitomycin C) prior to entering the study

Patients receiving any other investigational agents or patients that have received other investigational agents within 14 days of enrollment

Patients with active central nervous system (CNS) malignancy; asymptomatic small lesions are not considered active; treated lesions may be considered inactive if they are stable for at least 3 months; patients with malignant cells in their cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) without CNS symptoms may be included

Major surgery within 2 weeks before day 1

Uncontrolled active infection; patients with infection requiring parenteral antibiotics are eligible if the infection is controlled

Patients with significantly diseased or obstructed gastrointestinal tract or uncontrolled vomiting or diarrhea

History of seizures, movement disorders or cerebrovascular accident within the past 3 years prior to cycle 1 day 1

Patients with known severe macular degeneration, uncontrolled glaucoma, or markedly decreased visual acuity

Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, symptomatic congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association [NYHA) class III or IV), unstable angina pectoris, myocardial infarction within 6 months prior to enrollment, severe uncontrolled ventricular arrhythmias, or electrocardiographic evidence of acute ischemia or active conduction system abnormalities; prior to study entry, any electrocardiogram (ECG) abnormality at screening has to be documented by the investigator as not medically relevant

Patients with serious medical or psychiatric illness likely to interfere with participation in this clinical study

Pregnant women or women who are breastfeeding are excluded from this study; confirmation that the subject is not pregnant must be established by a negative serum beta (β)-human chorionic gonadotropin (β-hCG) pregnancy test result obtained during screening; pregnancy testing is not required for post-menopausal or surgically sterilized women

Patients with advanced malignant solid tumors

Patients whom, in the opinion of the investigators, are significantly below their ideal body weight

Patients who are not able to swallow capsules or tablets

Acute Myeloid Leukemia Leukemia