Clinical Trials

The James Cancer Center Columbus, OH

open for enrollment

Ponatinib Hydrochloride in Treating Patients With Refractory Metastatic Cancers and Genetic Alterations

Protocol: OSU-14078

Full Title

Phase II study of ponatinib for advanced cancers with genomic alterations in fibroblastic growth factor receptor (FGFR) and other genomic targets (KIT, PDGFRá, RET FLT3, ABL1)

Purpose

This phase II trial studies how well ponatinib hydrochloride works in treating patients with cancer that has spread to other parts of the body (metastatic), has failed previous treatment (refractory), and has one of several alterations, or mutations, in its deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) sequence. Ponatinib hydrochloride may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. It is not yet known whether a patient's genetic alterations may affect how well ponatinib hydrochloride works.

Study Objective

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To evaluate the response of ponatinib (ponatinib hydrochloride) in patients with fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) altered cancers.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To assess the safety and tolerability of ponatinib in advanced solid tumors with genomic FGFR alterations.

II. To assess progression free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) with ponatinib.

III. To determine candidate genomic and proteomic biomarkers of sensitivity and resistance to ponatinib using unbiased high throughput approaches (exome, transcriptome, reverse phase protein array [RPPA]).

IV. To assess response of ponatinib in advanced cancers with subsets of genomic FGFR alterations (fusions vs. amplifications vs. mutations).

OUTLINE:

Patients receive ponatinib hydrochloride orally (PO) once daily (QD) on days 1-28. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up for 52 weeks.

Are you eligible?

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with histologically or cytologically confirmed diagnosis of refractory metastatic solid tumor or chronic hematological malignancy who are eligible for investigational drug therapy
  • Patients must have tumor suitable for biopsy (as assessed by trained specialists in interventional radiology) and medically fit to undergo a biopsy or surgical procedure OR if patients do not have a tumor suitable for biopsy but have another tissue available for molecular evaluation
  • Patients should have activating genomic alterations in FGFR (mutations, fusions or amplifications [> 6 copies]) or activating genomic alterations in KIT, platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha [PDGFRα], ret proto-oncogene [RET], ABL proto-oncogene 1, non-receptor tyrosine kinase [ABL1] and fms-related tyrosine kinase 3 [FLT3] by any validated Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments [CLIA]-certified molecular testing (fluorescent in situ hybridization [FISH], polymerase chain reaction [PCR] or sequencing data are acceptable); CLIA validated results from other institutions; diagnostic labs (e.g. foundation medicine) are acceptable; additional types of activating alterations in these genes can be approved by the principal investigator (PI)
  • Patients with advanced cancers should have had at least one prior therapy that is considered standard for that disease type
  • Patients with solid tumors must have measurable disease (Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors [RECIST] 1.1), defined as at least one lesion that can be accurately measured in at least one dimension (longest diameter to be recorded for non-nodal lesions and short axis for nodal lesions) as >= 20 mm with conventional techniques or as >= 10 mm with spiral computed tomography (CT) scan, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), or calipers by clinical exam
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status =< 1 (Karnofsky >= 80%)
  • Life expectancy of greater than 3 months
  • Patients with multiple malignancies remain eligible
  • Patients with an inherited cancer syndrome or a medical history suggestive of an inherited cancer syndrome remain eligible
  • Patients must have controlled blood pressure with a systolic blood pressure < 140 mmHg and diastolic < 90 mmHg; anti-hypertensive medications are permitted
  • Women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry and through 4 months after the end of treatment; for females of childbearing potential, a negative pregnancy test must be documented prior to randomization
  • Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/mcL
  • Platelets >= 75,000/mcL
  • Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN), unless due to Gilbert's syndrome (< 5 if liver involvement with primary tumor)
  • Serum lipase and amylase =< 1.5 x ULN
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 x institutional upper limit of normal
  • Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) >= institutional lower limit of normal by echocardiogram (ECHO) or multi gated acquisition (MUGA)
  • Serum creatinine =< 1.5 mg/dL OR calculated creatinine clearance (Cockcroft-Gault formula) >= 50 mL/min OR 24-hour urine creatinine clearance >= 50 mL/min
  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with acute hematological malignancies (e.g. acute myeloid leukemia)
  • Major surgery (e.g. thoracic, abdominal, vascular, neurosurgery) within 28 days prior to initiating therapy
  • History of acute pancreatitis within one year of study or history of chronic pancreatitis
  • History of alcohol abuse
  • Have uncontrolled hypertriglyceridemia (triglycerides > 450 mg/dL)
  • Patients who are receiving any other investigational therapeutic agents
  • Patients with gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST)
  • Patients with history of clinically significant bleeding disorder
  • Patients with chronic myelocytic or myelogenous leukemia (CML)
  • Patients with multiple myeloma and t(4; 14) translocation with aberrant expression of wild type FGFR3 by immunoglobulin (IgH) promoter (conversely, patients with t (4; 14) translocation and FGFR3 mutation remain eligible)
  • Pregnant women are excluded from this study; breastfeeding should be discontinued
  • Patients who are incarcerated are not eligible
  • Patients with any history of arterial thromboembolic disease; any patient with a history of myocardial infarction (MI), stroke, transient ischemic attack (TIA), unstable angina or peripheral vascular disease will not be eligible
  • Patients with history of recurrent venous thromboembolism (deep venous thrombosis or pulmonary embolism) or history of venous thromboembolism within 6 months will not be eligible
  • Patients with history of active hepatitis B or C infection or chronic hepatitis with Child Pugh B or C hepatic dysfunction
  • History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to ponatinib
  • Patients with history of atrial arrhythmia (requiring any anti-arrhythmic therapy) or patients with any history of ventricular arrhythmia are excluded
  • Clinically significant, uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to:
  • Symptomatic or active infection
  • Uncontrolled hypertension (diastolic blood pressure > 90 mm Hg; systolic > 140 mm Hg); patients with hypertension should be under treatment on study entry to effect blood pressure control
  • Psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • Patients with history of congestive heart failure or LVEF less than lower limit of normal per local institutional standards are excluded
  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients on combination antiretroviral therapy are ineligible
  • Patients on medications known to be associated with Torsades de Pointes
  • Patients who have had chemotherapy or radiotherapy within 4 weeks (6 weeks for nitrosoureas or mitomycin C) prior to entering the study or those who have not recovered from adverse events due to agents administered more than 4 weeks earlier
  • Patients taking medications or herbal supplements that are known to be strong cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) inhibitors within at least 14 days before the first dose of ponatinib are excluded
  • Patients with symptomatic or progressive brain metastases are ineligible; subjects with treated brain metastases are eligible if they have no radiographic or other signs of progression in the brain for >= 4 weeks after completion of local therapy
  • Patients who have received prior FGFR targeted therapy