Clinical TrialsThe James Cancer Center Columbus, OH
open for enrollment
Gemcitabine Hydrochloride and Eribulin Mesylate in Treating Patients with Bladder Cancer That is Advanced or Cannot Be Removed by Surgery
Phase II Trial of GemcitabineEribulin (GE) in Cisplatin Ineligible Patients with Advanced or Unresectable Urothelial Carcinoma of the Bladder
This phase II trial studies how well gemcitabine hydrochloride and eribulin mesylate work in treating patients with bladder cancer that has spread to other places in the body or cannot be removed by surgery. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as gemcitabine hydrochloride and eribulin mesylate, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading.
I. To estimate the objective response rate of gemcitabine (gemcitabine hydrochloride)-eribulin (eribulin mesylate) (GE) when given to cisplatin ineligible patients with advanced or unresectable urothelial carcinoma who have not received any prior chemotherapy for the advanced disease.
I. To estimate the median progression-free survival (PFS).
II. To summarize the toxicity profile (using Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events [CTCAE] version [v] 4 criteria) of the GE regimen in these patients.
Patients receive gemcitabine hydrochloride intravenously (IV) over 30 minutes on days 1 and 8 and eribulin mesylate IV over 2-5 minutes on days 1 and 8. Courses repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3 months for up to 36 months.
Are you eligible?
Patients must have locally advanced or metastatic predominantly urothelial carcinoma of the bladder, ureter, or urethra that is not amenable to curative surgical treatment
Patients must have histologically confirmed predominantly urothelial carcinoma of the bladder, ureter, or urethra
Patients must have measurable disease per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) criteria, defined as at least one lesion that can be accurately measured in at least one dimension (longest diameter to be recorded for non-nodal lesions and short axis for nodal lesions) as >= 20 mm with conventional techniques or as >= 10 mm with spiral computed tomography (CT) scan, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), or calipers by clinical exam
Patients must be ineligible for treatment with cisplatin, based on one of:
Calculated creatinine clearance (CrCl) >= 30 and < 60 mL/min (Cockcroft-Gault)
CTCAE grade (Gr) >= 2 hearing loss
CTCAE Gr >= 2 neuropathy
Patients must not have received prior systemic therapy for their advanced cancer; prior intravesical therapy completed 4 weeks prior to enrollment and adjuvant/neoadjuvant chemotherapy completed more than 6 months prior to diagnosis of advanced disease are permitted
Zubrod performance status =< 2 (Karnofsky >= 60%)
Life expectancy of greater than 3 months
Leukocytes >= 3,000/mcL
Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/mcL
Platelets >= 100,000/mcL
Total bilirubin < 1.5 times the upper limit of normal (x ULN) for the institution
Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 3 x institutional upper limit of normal
Creatinine clearance; calculated creatinine clearance (CrCl) >= 30 mL/min and < 60 mL/min (Cockroft-Gault) unless the patient qualified based on hearing loss or neuropathy
Women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation; should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while she or her partner is participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately; men treated or enrolled on this protocol must also agree to use adequate contraception prior to the study, for the duration of study participation, and 4 months after completion of gemcitabine and eribulin administration
Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document
Patients with a small cell component in their histology are excluded
Patients who have had chemotherapy for the treatment of the advanced or unresectable urothelial cancer of the bladder are not eligible; patients who were previously treated for local disease must not have received radiotherapy or chemotherapy within 4 weeks (6 weeks for nitrosoureas or mitomycin C) prior to entering the study and must have recovered from adverse events due to agents administered more than 4 weeks earlier; patients who have received neoadjuvant or adjuvant chemotherapy must have completed treatment at least 6 months prior to diagnosis of metastatic disease
Patients who are receiving any other investigational agents
Patients with known brain metastases should be excluded from this clinical trial
History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to gemcitabine and eribulin
Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, a second cancer diagnosis within the past 5 years, or a cancer undergoing any treatment, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
Pregnant women are excluded from this study; breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with eribulin and gemcitabine
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients with inadequate cluster of differentiation (CD)4 counts or those who are on combination antiretroviral therapy with strong cytochrome P450, family 3, subfamily A, polypeptide 4 (CYP3A4) effects are ineligible for this trial
Patients with baseline corrected QT (QTc) prolongation greater than grade 1 are excluded from this study; patients with grade 1 QTc elevation are eligible but must be monitored with electrocardiogram (ECG) (EKG) exams, for the first 3 cycles of treatment; eribulin time to maximum concentration (Cmax) after infusion is about 10 minutes, and half life is 40 minutes; ECG (EKG) should be performed between 10 to 40 minutes after eribulin administration (on day 1 and day 8 of treatment); continued ECG (EKG) monitoring beyond cycle 3 can be done at the discretion of the treating physician
Patients with congenital long QT syndrome are excluded from this study
Other medications known to prolong QT interval should be discontinued and if not possible, patient is excluded from this study