Clinical Trials

The James Cancer Center Columbus, OH

open for enrollment

Iodine I-131 with or without Selumetinib in Treating Patients with Recurrent or Metastatic Thyroid Cancer

Protocol: OSU-14291

Full Title

Randomized Double-Blind Phase II Study of Radioactive Iodine (RAI) in Combination with Placebo or Selumetinib for the Treatment of RAI-Avid Recurrent/Metastatic Thyroid Cancers


This randomized phase II trial studies how well iodine I-131works with or without selumetinib in treating patients with thyroid cancer that has returned or has spread from where it started to other places in the body. Many thyroid cancers absorb iodine. Because of this, doctors often give radioactive iodine (iodine I-131) alone to treat thyroid cancer as part of standard practice. It is thought that the more thyroid tumors are able to absorb radioactive iodine, the more likely it is that the radioactive iodine will cause those tumors to shrink. Selumetinib may help radioactive iodine work better in patients whose tumors still absorb radioactive iodine. It is not yet known whether iodine I-131 is more effective with or without selumetinib in treating thyroid cancer.

Study Objective


I. To determine the response rate at 6 months following treatment with 131I (iodine I-131) in combination with placebo or selumetinib for radioactive iodine-avid (RAIA) recurrent and/or metastatic thyroid cancer.


I. To determine the best overall response following treatment with 131I in combination with placebo or selumetinib for RAIA recurrent and/or metastatic thyroid cancer.

II. To compare the progression-free survival of patients with RAIA recurrent and/or metastatic thyroid cancer treated with 131I in combination with placebo or selumetinib.

III. To compare serum thyroglobulin changes for patients with RAIA recurrent and/or metastatic thyroid cancer treated with 131I in combination with placebo or selumetinib.

IV. To evaluate the safety and tolerability of 131I in combination with placebo or selumetinib for patients with RAI-avid recurrent and/or metastatic thyroid cancer.


I. To explore the genomic and transcriptomic landscape of RAIA tumors for signatures that correlate to therapeutic benefit achieved with 131I in combination with placebo or selumetinib.

OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

ARM I: Patients receive selumetinib orally (PO) twice daily (BID) starting on week 1, day 1 and continuing through 2 days after iodine I-131 therapy has been administered. Approximately 3 weeks after beginning treatment with selumetinib, patients receive iodine I-131 PO.

ARM II: Patients receive placebo PO BID starting on week 1, day 1 and continuing through 2 days after iodine I-131 therapy has been administered. Approximately 3 weeks after beginning treatment with placebo, patients receive iodine I-131 PO.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 1 and 3 months, every 3 months for 12 months, and then every 6 months for 1 year.

Are you eligible?

Inclusion Criteria:

Diagnosis of recurrent and/or metastatic thyroid cancer

Histological or cytological confirmation of thyroid carcinoma of follicular origin (including papillary, follicular, or poorly differentiated subtypes and their respective variants); note: medullary and anaplastic thyroid cancers are excluded; Hurthle cell carcinomas are excluded (defined as having an invasive tumor composed of > 75% oncocytic [Hurthle] cells lacking the nuclear features of papillary carcinoma, tumor necrosis, and marked mitotic activity); patients with oncocytic (Hurthle cell) variants of papillary thyroid carcinoma (defined as a tumor composed of a majority of oncocytic [Hurthle] cells having the nuclear features of papillary carcinoma) are eligible to participate

RAI-avid lesion on a radioiodine scan (a diagnostic, post-therapy, or post-ablation scans) performed =< 24 months prior to registration, which suggests that therapy with 131I is justifiable in the judgment of the investigator

At least one measurable site of disease; (NOTE: a malignant lymph node is considered measurable if 1) it is noted to be RAI-avid on radioactive iodine imaging [diagnostic or post-therapy whole body scans acceptable] and it measures >= 1 cm in the long axis, 2) it is pathologically proven to be involved with thyroid cancer [by cytology or pathology] and it measures >= 1 cm in the long axis, or 3) its short axis is >= 1.5 cm when assessed by computed tomography [CT] scan)

Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) 0, 1 or 2

Able to swallow and retain orally-administered medication with no clinically significant gastrointestinal abnormalities that may alter absorption

Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1500/mm^3

Platelet count >= 100,000/mm^3

Hemoglobin > 9.0 g/dL

Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN)

Aspartate transaminase (AST) =< 2.5 x ULN (or =< 5 x ULN in presence of liver metastases)

Creatinine =< 1.5 mg/dL OR calculated creatinine clearance of >= 50 ml/min by either the Cockcroft-Gault formula or 24-hours urine collection analysis

Negative pregnancy test performed =< 7 days prior to registration for women of childbearing potential only

Provide informed written consent

Willing to return to enrolling institution for follow-up (during the Active Monitoring Phase of the study)

Note: during the Active Monitoring Phase of a study (i.e., active treatment and observation), participants must be willing to return to the consenting institution for follow-up

Willing to provide mandatory archival tumor tissue (block or minimum of 30 unstained slides from a primary or recurrent/metastatic thyroid cancer) for correlative research purposes; NOTE: patients with less archival tumor tissue available may still be eligible for the study after discussion with the Study Chair; receipt of archival tumor tissue is not required for study registration and initiation of therapy

Willing to provide mandatory blood samples for correlative research purposes

Exclusion Criteria:

131I therapy =< 6 months prior to registration; Note: 131I administered solely for diagnostic purposes is not considered 131I therapy

External beam radiation therapy =< 28 days prior to registration; note: previous treatment with radiation is allowed if the investigator judges it will not compromise patient safety on the study

Having been treated with a total cumulative (lifetime) 131I therapeutic activity > 600 mCi (excluding 131I activity administered for diagnostic scans)

Treatment with chemotherapy or targeted therapy (e.g. tyrosine kinase inhibitor) =< 28 days prior to registration

Prior exposure to mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase (MEK), RAS, or RAF inhibitors (note: previous exposure to sorafenib is allowed) OR history of hypersensitivity to selumetinib, thyrotropin alpha (Thyrogen), or any excipient agents

Unresolved toxicity > Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) grade 2 from previous anti-cancer therapy, except for alopecia

Cardiac conditions as follows:

Uncontrolled hypertension (blood pressure [BP] >=150/95 mmHg despite medical therapy)

Left ventricular ejection fraction < 55% measured by echocardiography

Atrial fibrillation with a ventricular rate > 100 beats per minute (bpm) on electrocardiogram (ECG) at rest

Symptomatic heart failure (New York Heart Association [NYHA] grade II-IV)

Prior or current cardiomyopathy

Severe valvular heart disease

Uncontrolled angina (Canadian Cardiovascular Society grade II-IV despite medical therapy)

Acute coronary syndrome =< 6 months prior to registration

Ophthalmological conditions as follows:

Intra-ocular pressure > 21 mmHg, or uncontrolled glaucoma (irrespective of intra-ocular pressure)

Current or past history of central serous retinopathy or retinal vein occlusion

Symptomatic or untreated leptomeningeal disease, brain metastasis, or spinal cord compression

Unable to follow a low iodine diet or requiring medication with high content in iodide (e.g., amiodarone)

Received iodinated intravenous contrast within 3 months of registration; avoidance of iodinated oral contrast is also preferred but not strictly required for study enrollment; NOTE: those who have had iodinated intravenous contrast within this time frame may still be eligible if a urinary iodine analysis reveals that excess iodine has been cleared (defined as a urinary iodine documented to be < 300 mcg/day by either a spot urinary iodine or 24-hour urinary iodine measurement)

Any of the following:

Pregnant women

Nursing women

Men or women of childbearing potential who are unwilling to employ adequate contraception

Co-morbid systemic illnesses or other severe concurrent disease which, in the judgment of the investigator, would make the patient inappropriate for entry into this study or interfere significantly with the proper assessment of safety and toxicity of the prescribed regimens

Immunocompromised patients and patients known to be human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive and currently receiving antiretroviral therapy; NOTE: patients known to be HIV positive, but without clinical evidence of an immunocompromised state, are eligible for this trial

Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, hepatitis B infection, hepatitis C infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements

Receiving any other investigational agent which would be considered as a treatment for the primary neoplasm

Other active malignancy =< 3 years prior to registration that will interfere with conduct of this trial; EXCEPTIONS: non-melanotic skin cancer or carcinoma-in-situ of the cervix; NOTE: if there is a history of prior malignancy, patients must not be receiving other specific treatment (chemotherapy, hormonal therapy, radiation) for their cancer

Not willing to discontinue use of supplemental vitamin E

Thyroid Cancer Endocrine Cancers