A Novel Paclitaxel-Loaded Polymeric Micelle System with Favorable Biocompatibility and Superior Antitumor Activity.

Deng C, Xu C, Zhang X, Yao JU, Zhang Y, Yu BO, Lee RJ, Jiang C
Anticancer Res 38 219-225 01/01/2018

Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIM: Polymeric micelles are promising vehicles for paclitaxel delivery. Further improvement in the stability of the micelle formulation is desirable.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Monomethoxy poly(ethylene glycol)-block-poly(D,L-lactide)-9-fluorenylmethoxycarbonyl-L-phenylalanine (mPEG-PDLLA-Phe(Fmoc)) was synthesized through a classical esterification reaction. Paclitaxel-loaded mPEG-PDLLA-Phe(Fmoc) micelles (PTX-PheMs) were prepared by the self-assembly method. Composition, structure and physicochemical properties were characterized. Pharmacokinetics were evaluated in rats. Therapeutic effect was evaluated in tumor-bearing mice. Safety profile was assessed by a hemolysis assay and an acute-toxicity study.

RESULTS: The average size of PTX-PheMs was about 45 nm. The hemolysis and acute-toxicity tests confirmed its biocompatibility and safety. The pharmacokinetics and therapeutic effect experiments demonstrated its long circulation property and superior antitumor effect.

CONCLUSION: mPEG-PDLLA-Phe(Fmoc) micelle is a biocompatible and effective drug delivery system for hydrophobic drugs such as PTX.

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