A phase 1 trial of Vorinostat in combination with concurrent chemoradiation therapy in the treatment of advanced staged head and neck squamous cell carcinoma.

Teknos TN, Grecula J, Agrawal A, Old MO, Ozer E, Carrau R, Kang S, Rocco J, Blakaj D, Diavolitsis V, Kumar B, Kumar P, Pan Q, Palettas M, Wei L, Baiocchi R, Savvides P
Invest New Drugs in press 12/19/2018

Abstract

Purpose Vorinostat is a potent HDAC inhibitor that sensitizes head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) to cytotoxic therapy while sparing normal epithelium. The primary objective of this Phase I study was to determine the maximally tolerated dose (MTD) and safety of Vorinostat in combination with standard chemoradiation therapy treatment in HNSCC. Patients and Methods Eligible patients had pathologically confirmed Stage III, IVa, IVb HNSCC, that was unresectable or borderline resectable involving the larynx, hypopharynx, nasopharynx, and oropharynx. Vorinostat was administered at the assigned dosage level (100-400 mg, three times weekly) in a standard 3 + 3 dose escalation design. Vorinostat therapy began 1 week prior to initiation of standard, concurrent chemoradiation therapy and continued during the entire course of therapy. Results Twenty six patients met eligibility criteria and completed the entire protocol. The primary tumor sites included tonsil (12), base of tongue (9), posterior pharyngeal wall (1), larynx (4) and hypopharynx (3). Of the 26 patients, 17 were HPV-positive and 9 were HPV-negative. The MTD of Vorinostat was 300 mg administered every other day. Anemia (n = 23/26) and leukopenia (n = 20/26) were the most commonly identified toxicities. The most common Grade3/4 events included leukopenia (n = 11) and lymphopenia (n = 17). No patient had Grade IV mucositis, dermatitis or xerostomia. The median follow time was 33.8 months (range 1.6-82.9 months). Twenty four of 26 (96.2%) patients had a complete response to therapy. Conclusion Vorinostat in combination with concurrent chemoradiation therapy is a safe and highly effective treatment regimen in HNSCC. There was a high rate of complete response to therapy with toxicity rates comparable, if not favorable to existing therapies. Further investigation in Phase II and III trials is strongly recommended.

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