A phase I trial of MK-2206 in children with refractory malignancies: a Children's Oncology Group study.
Fouladi M, Perentesis JP, Phillips CL, Leary S, Reid JM, McGovern RM, Ingle AM, Ahern CH, Ames MM, Houghton P, Doyle LA, Weigel B, Blaney SM
Pediatr Blood Cancer 61 1246-51 07/01/2014
BACKGROUND: We report results of a phase I trial designed to estimate the maximum tolerated dose (MTD), describe dose-limiting toxicities (DLT), and characterize the pharmacokinetic profile of MK-2206, an AKT inhibitor, in children with refractory or recurrent malignancies.
PROCEDURE: MK-2206 was administered either every other day (Schedule 1), or once a week (Schedule 2) in a 28-day cycle. Dose escalations in increments of ∼30% were independently made in each part using the rolling-six design. Serial pharmacokinetic (PK) studies were obtained. Biological studies include analysis of PI3K/PTEN/AKT-cell signaling pathway in pre and post-therapy in PBMC and in tumors at diagnosis or recurrence.
RESULTS: Fifty patients (26 males, median age 12.6 years [range, 3.1-21.9]) with malignant glioma (16), ependymoma (4), hepatocellular carcinoma (3), gliomatosis cereberi (2), or other tumors (22) were enrolled; 40 were fully evaluable for toxicity (Schedule 1, n = 23; Schedule 2, n = 17). Schedule 1 DLTs included: grade 3 dehydration in 1/6 patients at 28 mg/m(2) ; grade 4 hyperglycemia and neutropenia in 1/6 patients at 45 mg/m(2) ; and grade 3 rash in 3/6 patients at dose level 4 (58 mg/m(2) ). Schedule 2 DLTs included: grade 3 alkaline phosphatase in 1/6 patients at 90 mg/m(2) ; grade 3 rash in 1/6 patients at 120 mg/m(2) ; and grade 3 rash in 2/6 patients at 155 mg/m(2) .
CONCLUSIONS: The recommended pediatric phase 2 dose of MK-2206 is 45 mg/m(2) /dose every other day or 120 mg/m(2) /dose weekly. PK appeared linear over the dose range studied.