A Transcriptome-Wide Association Study Among 97,898 Women to Identify Candidate Susceptibility Genes for Epithelial Ovarian Cancer Risk.

Lu Y, Beeghly-Fadiel A, Wu L, Guo X, Li B, Schildkraut JM, Im HK, Chen YA, Permuth JB, Reid BM, Teer JK, Moysich KB, Andrulis IL, Anton-Culver H, Arun BK, Bandera EV, Barkardottir RB, Barnes DR, Benitez J, Bjorge L, Brenton J, Butzow R, Caldes T, Caligo MA, Campbell I, Chang-Claude J, Claes KBM, Couch FJ, Cramer DW, Daly MB, deFazio A, Dennis J, Diez O, Domchek SM, Dörk T, Easton DF, Eccles DM, Fasching PA, Fortner RT, Fountzilas G, Friedman E, Ganz PA, Garber J, Giles GG, Godwin AK, Goldgar DE, Goodman MT, Greene MH, Gronwald J, Hamann U, Heitz F, Hildebrandt MAT, Høgdall CK, Hollestelle A, Hulick PJ, Huntsman DG, Imyanitov EN, Isaacs C, Jakubowska A, James P, Karlan BY, Kelemen LE, Kiemeney LA, Kjaer SK, Kwong A, Le ND, Leslie G, Lesueur F, Levine DA, Mattiello A, May T, McGuffog L, McNeish IA, Merritt MA, Modugno F, Montagna M, Neuhausen SL, Nevanlinna H, Nielsen FC, Nikitina-Zake L, Nussbaum RL, Offit K, Olah E, Olopade OI, Olson SH, Olsson H, Osorio A, Park SK, Parsons MT, Peeters PHM, Pejovic T, Peterlongo P, Phelan CM, Pujana MA, Ramus SJ, Rennert G, Risch H, Rodriguez GC, Rodríguez-Antona C, Romieu I, Rookus MA, Rossing MA, Rzepecka IK, Sandler DP, Schmutzler RK, Setiawan VW, Sharma P, Sieh W, Simard J, Singer CF, Song H, Southey MC, Spurdle AB, Sutphen R, Swerdlow AJ, Teixeira MR, Teo SH, Thomassen M, Tischkowitz M, Toland AE, Trichopoulou A, Tung N, Tworoger SS, van Rensburg EJ, Vanderstichele A, Vega A, Edwards DV, Webb PM, Weitzel JN, Wentzensen N, White E, Wolk A, Wu AH, Yannoukakos D, Zorn KK, Gayther SA, Antoniou AC, Berchuck A, Goode EL, Chenevix-Trench G, Sellers TA, Pharoah PDP, Zheng W, Long J
Cancer Res 78 5419-5430 09/15/2018

Abstract

Large-scale genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified approximately 35 loci associated with epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) risk. The majority of GWAS-identified disease susceptibility variants are located in noncoding regions, and causal genes underlying these associations remain largely unknown. Here, we performed a transcriptome-wide association study to search for novel genetic loci and plausible causal genes at known GWAS loci. We used RNA sequencing data (68 normal ovarian tissue samples from 68 individuals and 6,124 cross-tissue samples from 369 individuals) and high-density genotyping data from European descendants of the Genotype-Tissue Expression (GTEx V6) project to build ovarian and cross-tissue models of genetically regulated expression using elastic net methods. We evaluated 17,121 genes for their

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