Accuracy of preoperative percutaneous biopsy for the diagnosis of retroperitoneal liposarcoma subtypes.

Ikoma N, Torres KE, Somaiah N, Hunt KK, Cormier JN, Tseng W, Lev D, Pollock R, Wang WL, Feig B
Ann Surg Oncol 22 1068-72 04/01/2015

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Surgery is the primary treatment for all subtypes of retroperitoneal liposarcoma, but neoadjuvant therapy may be warranted in cases of dedifferentiated liposarcoma (DDLS), which has an increased risk of recurrence and metastasis. Therefore, an accurate subtype-specific diagnosis is vital for appropriate consideration of neoadjuvant therapy. Previous studies assessing the subtype-specific accuracy of percutaneous biopsy are limited. We aimed to analyze the accuracy of preoperative percutaneous biopsy in the subtype-specific diagnosis of retroperitoneal liposarcoma and thus the reliability of percutaneous biopsy in guiding decisions about neoadjuvant treatment.

METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records, including the pathologic reports, interventional radiology reports, and operative reports, of patients registered in the retroperitoneal/well-differentiated liposarcoma (WDLS/DDLS) database at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center between 1993 and 2013.

RESULTS: We identified 120 patients who underwent 137 preoperative percutaneous biopsies followed by surgical resections. Pathologic examination following resection indicated that 74 of the patients had WDLS and 63 had DDLS. The overall diagnostic accuracy of percutaneous biopsy for identifying the subtype of liposarcoma was 62.8 % (86/137); the accuracy for identifying WDLS was significantly higher (85.1 %; 63/74) than that for identifying DDLS (36.5 %; 23/63) (p < 0.01).

CONCLUSIONS: Percutaneous biopsy has low accuracy in the diagnosis of retroperitoneal DDLS. This can potentially mislead physicians in the decision to implement neoadjuvant treatment. When developing treatment strategies, including clinical trials for patients with retroperitoneal liposarcoma, physicians should carefully consider the low accuracy of percutaneous biopsy in detecting DDLS.

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