CD33-Targeted Lipid Nanoparticles (aCD33LNs) for Therapeutic Delivery of GTI-2040 to Acute Myelogenous Leukemia.

Li H, Xu S, Quan J, Yung BC, Pang J, Zhou C, Cho YA, Zhang M, Liu S, Muthusamy N, Chan KK, Byrd JC, Lee LJ, Marcucci G, Lee RJ
Mol Pharm 12 2010-8 06/01/2015

Abstract

CD33-targeted lipid nanoparticles (aCD33LNs) were synthesized for delivery of GTI-2040, an antisense oligonucleotide (ASO) against the R2 subunit of ribonucleotide reductase, to acute myelogenous leukemia (AML). These LNs incorporated a deoxycholate-polyethylenimine (DOC-PEI) conjugate, which has shown significant activity to facilitate oligonucleotide delivery. Anti-CD33 scFv (aCD33) was added as a targeting ligand. The delivery efficiency of this system was investigated both in vitro and in vivo. When cells were treated with aCD33LN/GTI-2040, significant uptake was observed in CD33 positive Kasumi-1 cells. aCD33LNs loaded with GTI-2040 induced significant down-regulation of R2 mRNA and protein levels in AML cells. Moreover, aCD33LN/GTI-2040 showed a 15-fold reduction in the IC50 of antileukemic drug Ara-C in Kasumi-1 cells. In Kasumi-1 xenograft model, aCD33LN/GTI-2040 showed significant R2 downregulation compared to LN/GTI-2040. Furthermore, aCD33LN/GTI-2040 coadministered with Ara-C was shown to be highly effective in tumor growth inhibition and to greatly increase survival time of mice bearing Kasumi-1 xenograft tumors. The conjugate DOC-PEI has shown an ability to include calcein release from lipid nanoparticles, suggesting a potential mechanism contributing to efficient endosome release by DOC-PEI2K. These results indicate that aCD33LNs are a highly effective vehicle for the therapeutic delivery of antisense agents to AML.

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