Cerebellopontine angle tumors in young children, displaying cranial nerve deficits, and restricted diffusion on diffusion-weighted imaging: a new clinical triad for atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumors.

Katz JS, Peruzzi PP, Pierson CR, Finlay JL, Leonard JR
Childs Nerv Syst 33 833-838 05/01/2017

Abstract

Atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumors (AT/RT) of the central nervous system (CNS) are rare, highly malignant neoplasms that carry a poor prognosis. Even with prompt diagnosis, gross total resection and early initiation of intensive adjuvant therapy, the majority of patients will succumb within 9-12 months of diagnosis. The CPA location in children harbors lesions along a wide spectrum varying from benign to highly malignant. Imaging features of lesions within the CPA that aid the diagnostic process will help to initiate early treatment in higher-grade lesions. We report three cases, in very young children, all with cranial nerve deficits, who displayed CPA lesions with restricted diffusion on diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) with pathology confirming AT/RT. We propose that in young children with a CPA tumor diffusion-weighted imaging should be routinely evaluated to aid in prompt management. In addition, the diagnosis of AT/RT should be highly suggestive in infants presenting with cranial nerve findings as well as DWI restricted diffusion within the CPA.

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