Cognitive Screening: Using the Clock-Drawing Test to Assess for Preexisting Deficits in Older Women Diagnosed With Breast Cancer .
Overcash J, Perry M
Clin J Oncol Nurs 21 489-498 08/01/2017
BACKGROUND: Older women diagnosed with breast cancer may also have preexisting cognitive deficits. .
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the current study is to describe errors on the clock-drawing test (CDT), which is used to screen for preexisting cognitive deficits in older women diagnosed with breast cancer. .
METHODS: This descriptive study included a convenience sample of women aged 69 years or older with a diagnosis of breast cancer. The CDT was used to screen for cognitive deficits, such as size of the clock, graphic difficulties, stimulus-bound response, conceptual deficit, spatial and/or planning deficit, and perseveration. Data were analyzed by the Rouleau qualitative error analysis. .
FINDINGS: Many older adult patients exhibit some abnormality on the CDT. Most abnormalities were spatial/planning difficulties. Cognitive screening should be included in the comprehensive assessment of older adults diagnosed with breast cancer to screen for preexisting cognitive limitations.