Combination Therapy Using Ruxolitinib and Oncolytic HSV Renders Resistant MPNSTs Susceptible to Virotherapy.
Ghonime MG, Cassady KA
Cancer Immunol Res 6 1499-1510 12/01/2018
Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNSTs) are aggressive soft-tissue sarcomas resistant to most cancer treatments. Surgical resection remains the primary treatment, but this is often incomplete, ultimately resulting in high mortality and morbidity rates. There has been a resurgence of interest in oncolytic virotherapy because of encouraging preclinical and clinical trial results. Oncolytic herpes simplex virus (oHSV) selectively replicates in cancer cells, lysing the cell and inducing antitumor immunity. We previously showed that basal interferon (IFN) signaling increases interferon-stimulated gene (ISG) expression, restricting viral replication in almost 50% of MPNSTs. The FDA-approved drug ruxolitinib (RUX) temporarily resets this constitutively active STAT signaling and renders the tumor cells susceptible to oHSV infection in cell culture. In the studies described here, we translated ourFull Text