Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors for the treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukemia.

Blachly JS, Byrd JC, Grever M
Semin Oncol 43 265-73 04/01/2016

Abstract

In the last 10 years, oncology has been transformed by the development and broad availability of small molecule therapies for cancer. Compounds have been and are being developed to target nearly every known relevant component of the cell's machinery. One class of compounds, the cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) inhibitors, was originally conceived as an anticancer therapeutic based on the premise that as cancer is (in part) defined by loss of cell-cycle control, the interruption of cell cycle could arrest cancer growth. While CDKs do play critical roles in cell cycle, including in cancer, the study of CDK inhibitors in the relatively non-proliferative disease chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) revealed alternate mechanisms both for CDKs, as well as for the role of CDK inhibitors in cancer therapy. In this review, we will consider three CDK inhibitors: alvocidib (flavopiridol), dinaciclib, and TG02. We will discuss their preclinical and clinical development for the treatment of CLL, and suggest that CDK inhibitors remain relevant in CLL, with potential utility in several scenarios.

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