Cytogenetic prioritization with inclusion of molecular markers predicts outcome in previously untreated patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia treated with fludarabine or fludarabine plus cyclophosphamide: a long-term follow-up study of the US intergroup phase III trial E2997.

Lucas DM, Ruppert AS, Lozanski G, Dewald GW, Lozanski A, Claus R, Plass C, Flinn IW, Neuberg DS, Paietta EM, Bennett JM, Jelinek DF, Gribben JG, Hussein MA, Appelbaum FR, Larson RA, Moore DF Jr, Tallman MS, Byrd JC, Grever MR
Leuk Lymphoma 56 3031-7 01/01/2015

Abstract

Fludarabine (F) and cyclophosphamide (C) remain backbones of up-front chemotherapy regimens for chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). We report long-term follow-up of a randomized F vs. FC trial in untreated CLL (#) . With median follow-up of 88 months, estimated median progression-free survival (PFS) was 19.3 vs. 48.1 months for F (n = 109) and FC (n = 118), respectively (p < 0.0001), and median overall survival (OS) was 88.0 vs. 79.1 months (p = 0.96). In multivariable analyses, variables associated with inferior PFS and OS respectively were age (p = 0.002, p < 0.001), Rai stage (p = 0.006, p = 0.02) and sex (p = 0.03, PFS only). Del(17)(p13.1) predicted shorter PFS and OS (p < 0.0001 for each), as did del(11q)(22.3) (p < 0.0001, p = 0.005, respectively), trisomy 12 with mutated Notch1 (p = 0.003, p = 0.03, respectively) and unmutated IGHV (p = 0.009, p = 0.002, respectively), all relative to patients without these features. These data confirm results from shorter follow-up and further justify targeted therapies for CLL.

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