Design, synthesis and evaluation of anti-CD123 antibody drug conjugates.

Li B, Zhao W, Zhang X, Wang J, Luo X, Baker SD, Jordan CT, Dong Y
Bioorg Med Chem 24 5855-5860 01/15/2016


Leukemia stem cells (LSCs) account for the development of drug resistance and increased recurrence rate in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients. Targeted drug delivery to leukemia stem cells remains a major challenge in AML chemotherapy. Overexpressed interleukin-3 receptor alpha chain, CD123, on the surface of leukemia stem cells was reported to be a potential target in AML treatment. Here, we designed and developed an antibody drug conjugate (CD123-CPT) by integrating anti-CD123 antibody with a chemotherapeutic agent, Camptothecin (CPT), via a disulfide linker. The linker is biodegradable in the presence of Glutathione (GSH, an endogenous component in cells), which leads to release of CPT. Anti-CD123 antibody conjugates showed significant higher cellular uptake in CD123-overexpressed tumor cells. More importantly, CD123-CPT demonstrated potent inhibitory effects on CD123-overexpressed tumor cells. Consequently, these results provide a promising targeted chemotherapeutical strategy for AML treatment.

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