Dissection of the Major Hematopoietic Quantitative Trait Locus in Chromosome 6q23.3 Identifies miR-3662 as a Player in Hematopoiesis and Acute Myeloid Leukemia.

Maharry SE, Walker CJ, Liyanarachchi S, Mehta S, Patel M, Bainazar MA, Huang X, Lankenau MA, Hoag KW, Ranganathan P, Garzon R, Blachly JS, Guttridge DC, Bloomfield CD, de la Chapelle A, Eisfeld AK
Cancer Discov 6 1036-51 09/01/2016


UNLABELLED: Chromosomal aberrations and multiple genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have established a major hematopoietic quantitative trait locus in chromosome 6q23.3. The locus comprises an active enhancer region, in which some of the associated SNPs alter transcription factor binding. We now identify miR-3662 as a new functional driver contributing to the associated phenotypes. The GWAS SNPs are strongly associated with higher miR-3662 expression. Genome editing of rs66650371, a three-base-pair deletion, suggests a functional link between the SNP genotype and the abundance of miR-3662. Increasing miR-3662's abundance increases colony formation in hematopoietic progenitor cells, particularly the erythroid lineage. In contrast, miR-3662 is not expressed in acute myeloid leukemia cells, and its overexpression has potent antileukemic effects in vitro and in vivo Mechanistically, miR-3662 directly targets NF-?B-mediated transcription. Thus, miR-3662 is a new player of the hematopoietic 6q23.3 locus.

SIGNIFICANCE: The characterization of miR-3662 has identified a new actor in the prominent hematopoietic quantitative trait locus in chromosome 6q23.3. The mechanistic insights into miR-3662's function may reveal novel or only partially known pathways for normal and malignant hematopoietic cell proliferation. Cancer Discov; 6(9); 1036-51. ©2016 AACR.This article is highlighted in the In This Issue feature, p. 932.

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