Hydrophobic Effect from Conjugated Chemicals or Drugs on In Vivo Biodistribution of RNA Nanoparticles.

Jasinski DL, Yin H, Li Z, Guo P
Hum Gene Ther 29 77-86 01/01/2018

Abstract

Liver or other organ accumulation of drugs is one of the major problems that leads to toxicity and side effects in therapy using chemicals or other macromolecules. It has been shown that specially designed RNA nanoparticles can specifically target cancer cells, silence oncogenic genes, and stop cancer growth with little or no accumulation in the liver or other vital organs. It is well known that physical properties of nanoparticles such as size, shape, and surface chemistry affect biodistribution and pharmacokinetic profiles in vivo. This study examined how the hydrophobicity of chemicals conjugated to RNA nanoparticles affect in vivo biodistribution. Weaker organ accumulation was observed for hydrophobic chemicals after they were conjugated to RNA nanoparticles, revealing RNA's ability to solubilize hydrophobic chemicals. It was found that different chemicals conjugated to RNA nanoparticles resulted in the alteration of RNA hydrophobicity. Stronger hydrophobicity induced by chemical conjugates resulted in higher accumulation of RNA nanoparticles in vital organs in mice. This study provides new insights for handling drug insolubility, therapeutic toxicity, and organ clearance in drug development.

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