Insight into mechanisms of cellular uptake of lipid nanoparticles and intracellular release of small RNAs.

Yu B, Wang X, Zhou C, Teng L, Ren W, Yang Z, Shih CH, Wang T, Lee RJ, Tang S, Lee LJ
Pharm Res 31 2685-95 10/01/2014

Abstract

PURPOSE: Understanding mechanisms of cellular uptake and intracellular release would enable better design of nanocarriers for delivery of nucleic acids such as siRNA and microRNA (miRNA).

METHOD: In this study, we investigated cellular pharmacokinetics of siRNA by co-encapsulating fluorescently labeled siRNA and molecular beacon (MB) in four different formulations of cationic lipid nanoparticles (LNPs). A miRNA mimic was also used as a probe for investigating cellular pharmacokinetics, which correlated well with RNAi activities.

RESULTS: We tried to find the best LNP formulation based on the combination of DOTMA and DODMA. When the DOTMA/DODMA ratio was at 5/40, the LNP containing a luciferase siRNA produced the highest gene silencing activity. The superior potency of DOTMA/DODMA could be attributed to higher uptake and improved ability to facilitate siRNA release from endosomes subsequent to uptake.

CONCLUSIONS: Our findings may provide new insights into RNAi transfection pathways and have implications on cationic LNP design.

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