Intraoperative Use of a Portable Large Field of View Gamma Camera and Handheld Gamma Detection Probe for Radioguided Localization and Prediction of Complete Surgical Resection of Gastrinoma: Proof of Concept.
Hall NC, Nichols SD, Povoski SP, James IA, Wright CL, Harris R, Schmidt CR, Muscarella P 2nd, Latchana N, Martin EW Jr, Ellison EC
J Am Coll Surg 221 300-8 08/01/2015
BACKGROUND: Surgical management of Zollinger-Ellison syndrome (ZES) relies on localization and resection of all tumor foci. We describe the benefit of combined intraoperative use of a portable large field of view gamma camera (LFOVGC) and a handheld gamma detection probe (HGDP) for indium-111 ((111)In)-pentetreotide radioguided localization and confirmation of gastrinoma resection in ZES.
STUDY DESIGN: Five patients (6 cases) with (111)In-pentetreotide-avid ZES were evaluated. Patients were injected with (111)In-pentetreotide for diagnostic imaging the day before surgery. Intraoperatively, an HGDP and LFOVGC were used to localize (111)In-pentetreotide-avid lesions, guide resection, assess specimens for (111)In-pentetreotide activity, and to verify lack of abnormal post-resection surgical field activity.
RESULTS: Large field of view gamma camera imaging and HGDP-assisted detection were helpful for localization and guided resection of tumor and removal of (111)In-pentetreotide-avid tumor foci in all cases. In 3 of 5 patients (3 of 6 cases), these techniques led to detection and resection of additional tumor foci beyond those detected by standard surgical techniques. The (111)In-pentetreotide-positive or-negative specimens correlated with neuroendocrine tumors or benign pathology, respectively. In one patient with mild residual focal activity on post-resection portable LFOVGC imaging, thought to be artifact, had recurrence of disease in the same area 5 months after surgery.
CONCLUSIONS: Real-time LFOVGC imaging and HGDP use for surgical management of gastrinoma improve success of localizing and resecting all neuroendocrine tumor-positive tumor foci, providing instantaneous navigational feedback. This approach holds potential for improving long-term patient outcomes in patients with ZES.