Investigating a Proposed Model of Social Competence in Children With Traumatic Brain Injuries.
Heverly-Fitt S, Rubin KH, Dennis M, Taylor HG, Stancin T, Gerhardt CA, Vannatta K, Bigler ED, Yeates KO
J Pediatr Psychol 41 235-43 03/01/2016
OBJECTIVE: The goal of the current study was to test a proposed model of social competence for children who have suffered a traumatic brain injury (TBI). We hypothesized that both peer and teacher reports of social behavior would mediate the relation between intraindividual characteristics (e.g., executive function) and peer acceptance.
METHODS: Participants were 52 children with TBI (M age = 10.29; M time after injury: 2.46 years). Severity of TBI ranged from complicated mild to severe. Classroom and laboratory measures were used to assess executive function, social behavior, and peer acceptance.
RESULTS: Analyses revealed that peer reports of social behavior were a better mediator than teacher reports of the associations between executive function, social behaviors, and peer acceptance.
DISCUSSION: The results underscore the importance of including peer reports of social behavior when developing interventions designed to improve the social, emotional, and behavioral outcomes of children with TBI.