Maintenance therapy with decitabine in younger adults with acute myeloid leukemia in first remission: a phase 2 Cancer and Leukemia Group B Study (CALGB 10503).

Blum W, Sanford BL, Klisovic R, DeAngelo DJ, Uy G, Powell BL, Stock W, Baer MR, Kolitz JE, Wang ES, Hoke E, Mrózek K, Kohlschmidt J, Bloomfield CD, Geyer S, Marcucci G, Stone RM, Larson RA, Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology
Leukemia 31 34-39 01/01/2017


In this prospective phase 2 clinical trial conducted by Cancer and Leukemia Group B (CALGB, now the Alliance), we studied decitabine as maintenance therapy for younger adults with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) who remained in first complete remission (CR1) following intensive induction and consolidation. Given that decitabine is clinically active in AML and with hypomethylating activity distinct from cytotoxic chemotherapy, we hypothesized that 1 year of maintenance therapy would improve disease-free survival (DFS) for AML patients <60 years, who did not receive allogeneic stem cell transplantation in CR1. After blood count recovery from final consolidation, patients received decitabine at 20 mg/m

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