Male breast cancer in BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers: pathology data from the Consortium of Investigators of Modifiers of BRCA1/2.
Silvestri V, Barrowdale D, Mulligan AM, Neuhausen SL, Fox S, Karlan BY, Mitchell G, James P, Thull DL, Zorn KK, Carter NJ, Nathanson KL, Domchek SM, Rebbeck TR, Ramus SJ, Nussbaum RL, Olopade OI, Rantala J, Yoon SY, Caligo MA, Spugnesi L, Bojesen A, Pedersen IS, Thomassen M, Jensen UB, Toland AE, Senter L, Andrulis IL, Glendon G, Hulick PJ, Imyanitov EN, Greene MH, Mai PL, Singer CF, Rappaport-Fuerhauser C, Kramer G, Vijai J, Offit K, Robson M, Lincoln A, Jacobs L, Machackova E, Foretova L, Navratilova M, Vasickova P, Couch FJ, Hallberg E, Ruddy KJ, Sharma P, Kim SW, kConFab Investigators, Teixeira MR, Pinto P, Montagna M, Matricardi L, Arason A, Johannsson OT, Barkardottir RB, Jakubowska A, Lubinski J, Izquierdo A, Pujana MA, Balmaña J, Diez O, Ivady G, Papp J, Olah E, Kwong A, Hereditary Breast and Ovarian Cancer Research Group Netherlands (HEBON), Nevanlinna H, Aittomäki K, Perez Segura P, Caldes T, Van Maerken T, Poppe B, Claes KB, Isaacs C, Elan C, Lasset C, Stoppa-Lyonnet D, Barjhoux L, Belotti M, Meindl A, Gehrig A, Sutter C, Engel C, Niederacher D, Steinemann D, Hahnen E, Kast K, Arnold N, Varon-Mateeva R, Wand D, Godwin AK, Evans DG, Frost D, Perkins J, Adlard J, Izatt L, Platte R, Eeles R, Ellis S, EMBRACE, Hamann U, Garber J, Fostira F, Fountzilas G, Pasini B, Giannini G, Rizzolo P, Russo A, Cortesi L, Papi L, Varesco L, Palli D, Zanna I, Savarese A, Radice P, Manoukian S, Peissel B, Barile M, Bonanni B, Viel A, Pensotti V, Tommasi S, Peterlongo P, Weitzel JN, Osorio A, Benitez J, McGuffog L, Healey S, Gerdes AM, Ejlertsen B, Hansen TV, Steele L, Ding YC, Tung N, Janavicius R, Goldgar DE, Buys SS, Daly MB, Bane A, Terry MB, John EM, Southey M, Easton DF, Chenevix-Trench G, Antoniou AC, Ottini L
Breast Cancer Res 18 15 02/09/2016
BACKGROUND: BRCA1 and, more commonly, BRCA2 mutations are associated with increased risk of male breast cancer (MBC). However, only a paucity of data exists on the pathology of breast cancers (BCs) in men with BRCA1/2 mutations. Using the largest available dataset, we determined whether MBCs arising in BRCA1/2 mutation carriers display specific pathologic features and whether these features differ from those of BRCA1/2 female BCs (FBCs).
METHODS: We characterised the pathologic features of 419 BRCA1/2 MBCs and, using logistic regression analysis, contrasted those with data from 9675 BRCA1/2 FBCs and with population-based data from 6351 MBCs in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database.
RESULTS: Among BRCA2 MBCs, grade significantly decreased with increasing age at diagnosis (P = 0.005). Compared with BRCA2 FBCs, BRCA2 MBCs were of significantly higher stage (P for trend = 2 × 10(-5)) and higher grade (P for trend = 0.005) and were more likely to be oestrogen receptor-positive [odds ratio (OR) 10.59; 95 % confidence interval (CI) 5.15-21.80] and progesterone receptor-positive (OR 5.04; 95 % CI 3.17-8.04). With the exception of grade, similar patterns of associations emerged when we compared BRCA1 MBCs and FBCs. BRCA2 MBCs also presented with higher grade than MBCs from the SEER database (P for trend = 4 × 10(-12)).
CONCLUSIONS: On the basis of the largest series analysed to date, our results show that BRCA1/2 MBCs display distinct pathologic characteristics compared with BRCA1/2 FBCs, and we identified a specific BRCA2-associated MBC phenotype characterised by a variable suggesting greater biological aggressiveness (i.e., high histologic grade). These findings could lead to the development of gender-specific risk prediction models and guide clinical strategies appropriate for MBC management.