Periarticular bone predicts knee osteoarthritis progression: Data from the Osteoarthritis Initiative.

Lo GH, Schneider E, Driban JB, Price LL, Hunter DJ, Eaton CB, Hochberg MC, Jackson RD, Kwoh CK, Nevitt MC, Lynch JA, McAlindon TE, OAI Investigators Group
Semin Arthritis Rheum 48 155-161 01/01/2018

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a disease with a substantial public health burden. Quantitative assessments of periarticular bone may be a biomarker capable of monitoring early disease progression. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether measures of periarticular bone associate with longitudinal structural progression.

METHODS: We conducted a 12-18 months longitudinal study using the Osteoarthritis Initiative (OAI). Participants received knee dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA), trabecular magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, and x-rays. Knee DXAs generated proximal tibial medial:lateral periarticular bone mineral density (paBMD) measures. Proximal tibial trabecular MR images were assessed for trabecular morphometry: apparent bone volume fraction (BVF), trabecular number, thickness, and spacing. Weight-bearing x-rays were assessed for medial tibiofemoral joint space narrowing (JSN). Chi-squared analyses assessed whether periarticular bone measures were predictive of worsening medial tibiofemoral JSN, adjusted for age, sex, and BMI.

RESULTS: In all, 444 participants, mean age 64.2 ± 9.2 years, BMI 29.5 ± 4.6kg/m

CONCLUSION: Baseline and most rates of periarticular bone change associate with knee OA structural progression, highlighting the close relationship between subchondral bone and JSN. Future studies should focus on developing these measures as predictive and pathophysiological biomarkers, and evaluating their deployment in clinical trials testing bone-targeted therapeutics.

Full Text