Phase 1 Immunotherapy Trial with Two Chimeric HER-2 B-Cell Peptide Vaccines emulsified in Montanide ISA 720VG and nor-MDP Adjuvant in Advanced Solid Tumors.
Bekaii-Saab T, Wesolowski R, Ahn DH, Wu C, Mortazavi A, Lustberg MB, Ramaswamy B, Fowler J, Wei L, Overholser J, Kaumaya PTP
Clin Cancer Res in press 02/25/2019
PURPOSE: This first-in-human Phase 1 study (NCT 01417546) evaluated the safety profile, optimal immunologic/biologic dose (OID/OBD) and immunogenicity of the combination of two peptide B-cell epitope vaccines engineered to represent the trastuzumab and pertuzumab binding sites. While trastuzumab and pertuzumab have been approved for clinical use, patients often develop resistance to these therapies. We have advanced a new paradigm in immunotherapy that focuses on humoral responses based on conformational B-cell epitope vaccines.
METHODS: The vaccine is comprised of two chimeric HER-2 B-cell peptide vaccines incorporating a "promiscuous T cell epitope." Patients were immunized with the vaccine constructs emulsified with nor-muramyl-dipeptide adjuvant in a water-in-oil Montanide ISA 720VG vehicle. Eligible patients with metastatic and/or recurrent solid tumors received three inoculations every 3 weeks.
RESULTS: Forty-nine patients with a median of 4 prior lines of chemotherapy received at least 1 vaccination. Twenty-eight patients completed the 3 vaccination regimen. Six patients received 1 six-month boost after the regimen, and one patient received 7 six-month boosts. No serious adverse reactions or dose-limiting toxicities were observed. The vaccine was well tolerated with dose level 2 as the recommended phase II dose. The most common related toxicity in all patients was injection site reactions (24%). Two patients had a partial response (PR), 14 had stable disease (SD), and 19 had progressive disease (PD).
CONCLUSIONS: The study vaccine is safe, exhibits anti-tumor activity and shows preliminary indication that peptide vaccination may avoid therapeutic resistance and offer a promising alternative to monoclonal antibody therapies.