Self-awareness of peer-rated social attributes in children with traumatic brain injury.
Wolfe KR, Bigler ED, Dennis M, Gerhardt CA, Rubin K, Taylor HG, Vannatta K, Yeates KO
J Pediatr Psychol 40 272-84 04/01/2015
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated self-awareness of peer-rated social attributes and its relations to executive function (EF), theory of mind (TOM), and psychosocial adjustment in children with traumatic brain injury (TBI).
METHODS: Self- and peer perceptions of classroom social behavior were assessed for 87 children 8-13 years of age: 15 with severe TBI, 40 with complicated mild/moderate TBI, and 32 with orthopedic injury. Participants completed measures of EF and TOM, and parents rated children's psychosocial adjustment.
RESULTS: Self-ratings of classroom social behavior did not differ between injury groups. Self- and peer ratings generally agreed, although children with severe TBI rated themselves as less rejected/victimized than did their peers. Higher EF predicted better self- and peer ratings and smaller self-peer discrepancies, which in turn predicted better adjustment.
CONCLUSIONS: Children with TBI show variable social self-awareness, which relates to EF and adjustment. Future studies should identify additional factors that contribute to limited insight.