Stability of the HTLV-1 Antisense-Derived Protein, HBZ, Is Regulated by the E3 Ubiquitin-Protein Ligase, UBR5.

Panfil AR, Al-Saleem J, Howard CM, Shkriabai N, Kvaratskhelia M, Green PL
Front Microbiol 9 80 01/01/2018


Human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) encodes a protein derived from the antisense strand of the proviral genome designated HBZ (HTLV-1 basic leucine zipper factor). HBZ is the only viral gene consistently expressed in infected patients and adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL) tumor cell lines. It functions to antagonize many activities of the Tax viral transcriptional activator, suppresses apoptosis, and supports proliferation of ATL cells. Factors that regulate the stability of HBZ are thus important to the pathophysiology of ATL development. Using affinity-tagged protein and shotgun proteomics, we identified UBR5 as a novel HBZ-binding partner. UBR5 is an E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase that functions as a key regulator of the ubiquitin proteasome system in both cancer and developmental biology. Herein, we investigated the role of UBR5 in HTLV-1-mediated T-cell transformation and leukemia/lymphoma development. The UBR5/HBZ interaction was verified

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