Surgical complexity score and role of laparoscopy in women with advanced ovarian cancer treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy.

Davidson BA, Broadwater G, Crim A, Boccacio R, Bixel K, Backes F, Previs RA, Salinaro J, Salani R, Moore K, Secord AA
Gynecol Oncol 152 554-559 03/01/2019

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate surgical complexity scores (SCS) and minimally invasive surgery (MIS) at interval debulking surgery (IDS) in advanced epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) patients receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT).

METHODS: A multi-institutional study of NACT with IDS for advanced EOC was conducted. Demographic data were abstracted and SCS assigned based on IDS findings. Disease-specific overall survival (DSS) was defined as the time from completion of adjuvant chemotherapy to death due to disease. Cox proportional hazards regression models were used for univariate and multivariate survival analyses.

RESULTS: 282 patients were identified; 80.5% had high-grade serous histology and 54.6% were <75 (median 63.9; range 34.1-84.8). Approximately 84% were optimally cytoreduced (61% R0; 23% <1 cm). In multivariate analyses, age 75+ (p ≤ 0.001), residual disease (>1 cm; p = 0.03), and SCS ≥ 3 (p = 0.04) were significantly predictive of worse DSS when morbidity and ASA score were also in the model. When optimally debulked was defined as R0, only age 75+ (<0.001) was significantly associated with decreased DSS. In the R0 cohort, SCS did not significantly predict DSS. However, subset analysis defining optimal ≤1 cm, revealed higher SCS was associated with a 1.6-fold increased risk of death (p = 0.02). Fifty-one patients underwent laparoscopic IDS. Twenty-four (47%) were converted to laparotomy to achieve optimal debulking in 21 patients (87.5%); while 25 had laparoscopic optimal cytoreduction (19/25 [76%] R0).

CONCLUSIONS: In women with advanced EOC treated with NACT, older age, SCS ≥ 3, and residual disease >1 cm at IDS were predictors of worse survival. MIS appears safe and feasible with acceptable optimal cytoreduction rates.

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