Sustained release paclitaxel-loaded core-shell-structured solid lipid microparticles for intraperitoneal chemotherapy of ovarian cancer.

Han S, Dwivedi P, Mangrio FA, Dwivedi M, Khatik R, Cohn DE, Si T, Xu RX
Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol 47 957-967 12/01/2019

Abstract

The current clinical paradigm for ovarian cancer treatment has a poor prognosis, partially due to the efficacy and toxicity concerns associated with the available chemotherapeutic formulations. To overcome these limitations, we have designed core-shell-structured paclitaxel (PTX) laden solid lipid microparticles (PTX-SLMPs) for intraperitoneal treatment of ovarian cancer. A single-step coaxial electro hydrodynamic atomization (CEHDA) process has been explored to synthesize core-shell structure of PTX-SLMPs with the particle size of 1.76 ± 0.37 µm. Core-shell PTX-SLMPs have high encapsulation efficiency of 94.73% with sustained drug release profile. In vitro evaluation of PTX-SLMPs in SKOV-3 ovarian cancer cells yield significant enhancement in cytotoxicity when compared with Taxol®. In vivo pharmacokinetic study demonstrated slower absorption of PTX into the systemic circulation after intraperitoneal (i.p.) administration of PTX-SLMPs in Wistar rats implying the PTX-SLMPs remained in the peritoneal cavity and released the PTX for prolonged period of time. Through these studies, we have demonstrated the technical potential of core-shell structured PTX-SLMPs, which can enhance passive targeting of PTX to the tumor in the treatment of not only ovarian cancer but also in other peritoneal cancer.

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