Temozolomide post pazopanib treatment failure in patients with advanced sarcoma: A case series.
Bupathi M, Hays JL, Chen JL
PLoS One 12 e0188116 01/01/2017
BACKGROUND: Sarcomas are rare, heterogeneous tumors for which prognosis remains dismal in patients with advanced disease. Pazopanib, a vascular endothelial growth factor receptor inhibitor, has shown modest efficacy in patients with soft tissue sarcoma who fail cytotoxic chemotherapy. The cytotoxic agent temozolomide has also demonstrated activity in patients with advanced sarcoma.
OBJECTIVE: We performed a retrospective case series to evaluate the feasibility of adding temozolomide to pazopanib in advanced sarcoma patients following single-agent pazopanib failure.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with recurrent, metastatic sarcomas who had progressed on single-agent pazopanib and continued on pazopanib with the addition of temozolomide were included in this retrospective analysis to examine the tolerability and responses associated with the treatment combination.
RESULTS: Nine patients with a range of sarcoma subtypes were identified (55% female; median age, 48 years; median number of therapies prior to pazopanib, 3). All patients received combination therapy. One patient was recently started on therapy and was excluded from the analysis (n = 8 evaluable patients). Median PFS for single-agent pazopanib was 7.5 months (range 2-19). For the eight evaluable patients (63% female), best response at 4 months with pazopanib plus temozolomide was partial response (n = 1), stable disease (n = 3) and progressive disease (n = 4), with a median PFS of 3.5 months (range 0-15). Median PFS with combination treatment in patients with stable disease or response was 8 months (range 5-15). All four patients who achieved clinical benefit remain on therapy and are tolerating the combination therapy with expected but manageable side effects.
CONCLUSIONS: In heavily pretreated patients with advanced sarcoma, the addition of temozolomide to pazopanib was found to be tolerable. Future prospective trials are required to deduce whether temozolomide extends the clinical benefit of pazopanib.