The B-cell receptor pathway: a critical component of healthy and malignant immune biology.

Zhong Y, Byrd JC, Dubovsky JA
Semin Hematol 51 206-18 07/01/2014

Abstract

The pathogenesis and progression of normal B-cell development to malignant transformation of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is still poorly understood and has hampered attempts to develop targeted therapeutics for this disease. The dependence of CLL cells on B-cell receptor signaling has fostered a new area of basic and therapeutic research interest. In particular, identification of the dependence of CLL cells on both phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase delta and Bruton's tyrosine kinase signaling for survival and proliferation has come forth through well-performed preclinical studies and subsequent trials demonstrating dramatic efficacy. This review outlines essential components of B-cell receptor signaling and briefly addresses therapeutics that are emerging to target these in patients with CLL and related lymphoid malignancies.

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