The making of a miscreant: tobacco smoke and the creation of pathogen-rich biofilms.
Shah SA, Ganesan SM, Varadharaj S, Dabdoub SM, Walters JD, Kumar PS
NPJ Biofilms Microbiomes 3 26 01/01/2017
We have previously reported that oral biofilms in clinically healthy smokers are pathogen-rich, and that this enrichment occurs within 24 h of biofilm formation. The present investigation aimed to identify a mechanism by which smoking creates this altered community structure. By combining in vitro microbial-mucosal interface models of commensal (consisting ofFull Text