The use of molecular genetics to refine prognosis in acute myeloid leukemia.

Bhatnagar B, Garzon R
Curr Hematol Malig Rep 9 148-57 06/01/2014

Abstract

The discovery and application of advanced molecular techniques, such as gene and microRNA expression profiling, whole genome and exome sequencing, proteomic analysis and methylation assays, have allowed for the identification of recurrent molecular abnormalities in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) that have revolutionized our understanding of the genetic landscape of the disease. These modalities have emerged as valuable tools that permit a more comprehensive and detailed molecular characterization of AML. Many of these molecular abnormalities have been shown to predict prognosis, particularly within the context of cytogenetically normal AML. This review will discuss the major techniques and platforms that have been used to identify novel recurrent gene mutations in AML and briefly describe how these discoveries have impacted on outcome prediction.

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