There is no such thing as routine ovarian cancer. Every patient’s ovarian cancer is different, with different, individually unique genes and molecules driving each person’s specific cancer.

At the OSUCCC – James, our ovarian cancer specialists are world-renowned cancer experts who focus solely on ovarian cancer and who reach across medical disciplines (gynecologic oncologists, surgeons, radiologists, pharmacists and more) to design the very best treatment plan and therapies to target each patient’s specific cancer.

And by offering access to the country’s most advanced clinical trials right here at the OSUCCC – James, patients know that additional options, when needed, are often available for their treatment and care.

Facts About Ovarian Cancer

Ovaries are small, almond shaped organs in the female reproductive system. When functioning normally, ovaries regularly produce eggs, or ova. Ovaries also produce the female sex hormones estrogen and progesterone.



Ovarian cancer occurs in cells within the ovaries. There are several types and causes of ovarian cancer, including inherited changes in genes that increase risk of the disease. Genomic sequencing can identify women most at risk for inherited forms of ovarian cancer.

More than 22,000 new cases of ovarian cancer are diagnosed in the United States each year.

There are several types of ovarian cancer that affect different types of cells in ovaries. The types are:

Ovarian Epithelial Cancer

Epithelial cells are the cells on the surface of the ovary.

Germ Cell Tumors

Germ cells are eggs or sperm. Tumors that begin in eggs usually occur in adolescents or young women.

Stromal Cell Tumors

Stromal cells form connective or supporting structures for the ovaries. They are rare forms of ovarian cancer.

Low Malignant Potential Tumors

Abnormal cells form in an ovary and could become cancer, but are not malignant when they are found.

Ovarian Cancer Symptoms

Early ovarian cancer may not cause any symptoms. When symptoms do appear, ovarian cancer is often advanced. Symptoms of ovarian cancer may include the following:

  • Pain or swelling in the abdomen
  • Pain in the pelvis
  • Gastrointestinal problems, such as gas, bloating or constipation

(Source: National Cancer Institute)

Having these symptoms does not necessarily mean you have ovarian cancer. But if you have symptoms, you should discuss them with your doctor, especially if they have continued for longer than a few weeks.

If you have received an ovarian cancer diagnosis, or if you want a second opinion or just want to speak to an ovarian cancer specialist, we are here to help you. Call 800-293-5066 or 614-293-5066 to make an appointment.

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From genetic testing before diagnosis to surgery and breakthrough therapies during treatment, our experts are delivering high-quality ovarian cancer care to patients while innovating for the future. Read More

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The James Cancer Hospital and Solove Research Institute

460 West 10th Avenue

Columbus, Ohio 43210

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