There is no such thing as a routine laryngeal cancer. Every patient’s disease is different, with different, individually unique genes and molecules driving that specific cancer.

At the OSUCCC – James, our laryngeal cancer subspecialists are world-renowned cancer experts who reach across medical disciplines including head and neck surgeons, radiation oncologists, medical oncologists, speech and swallowing therapists and more to design the very best treatment plan and therapies to target each patient’s specific cancer in ways that provide the best cancer care as well as functional outcome.

And by offering access to the country’s most advanced clinical trials (including robotic surgical trials for tonsil and base-of-tongue cancers) right here at the OSUCCC – James, patients know that additional options, when needed, are often available for their treatment and care.

About Laryngeal Cancer

The larynx, or “voice box” organ, comprises regions including the supraglottis (above the vocal cords), glottis (vocal cords), and subglottis (below the vocal cords). This organ produces voice and also helps protect the air passages during swallowing.

Use of tobacco and excessive use of alcohol are the greatest risk factors for developing laryngeal cancer as well as hypopharyngeal cancer (region of the throat next to the larynx). More than 12,000 new cases of laryngeal cancer are diagnosed in the United States each year.

Laryngeal Anatomy

(Source: National Cancer Institute)

Types of Laryngeal Cancer

Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Most laryngeal cancers form from the cells that line the surface of the larynx known as squamous cells. Your OSUCCC – James specialist may further characterize squamous cell laryngeal cancer based on analysis of the cells and genetics of the cancer.

(Source: National Cancer Institute)

Other Types

Other types of laryngeal cancer, although rare are usually found in the saliva glands or tissues and cartilages of the throat, include:

  • Chondrosarcoma (cancer of the cartilage)
  • Adenocarcinoma
  • Adenoid cystic carcinoma (form of salivary gland cancer)
  • Metastases from other cancers

Laryngeal Cancer Symptoms

Laryngeal cancer symptoms include:

  • Persistent hoarseness or change in voice
  • A sore throat or cough that does not go away
  • Pain or difficulty with swallowing
  • Unexplained ear pain
  • A lump in the neck or throat
  • Difficulty breathing

(Source: National Cancer Institute)

Having these symptoms does not necessarily mean you have laryngeal cancer. But if you have symptoms you should tell your doctor, especially if symptoms have continued for longer than a few weeks.

If you’ve been diagnosed with laryngeal cancer, would like a second opinion or would like to speak with a head and neck cancer specialist, please call The James Line at 800-293-5066 or 614-293-5066 to make an appointment.

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The James Cancer Hospital and Solove Research Institute

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Columbus, Ohio 43210

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